Romsdal Folk Museum – Molde
The Romsdal Folk Museum (Norwegian: Romsdalsmuseet) is a multi-venue museum presenting local culture and history located in the Møre og Romsdal county, central Norway. Since 2016, the museum headquarters in the town of Molde is housed in an iconic timber building, named Krona, designed by Oslo-based firm Reiulf Ramstad Arkitekter.
History and mission
The institution was founded in 1912 by Norwegian cabinetmaker Peter Tønder Solemdal as a small museum aimed to present the various aspects of the region’s folk culture – including architecture, craft, music, dance, art, costume, and cuisine, as well as local farming and fishing culture. Over time, the museum was substantially enlarged and comprises currently about 40 historical buildings and farms throughout the Romsdal district.
The Krone building
The Krone Building designed by Reiulf Ramstad Arkitekter is a 3,500-square-meter/37,600-square-foot construction made almost entirely in local pine wood.
Indeed – besides the foundations, which are made in concrete, and some steel beams – wood is ubiquitous in the building, both internally and externally (where the pine boards are protected with a bio-oil cover to improve their durability). The use of local wood has a twofold meaning; on the one side, it is a reference to a building material that strongly identifies the vernacular architecture of Norway; on the other hand, it contributes to creating a highly-sustainable low-tech construction.
While the museum has a rather simple rectangular plan, it is quite articulated and dynamic in elevation, with a peculiar zigzagging roof and angled volumes.
The Krone building contains a permanent gallery dedicated to the Norwegian Bunad folk costumes, special exhibition spaces, an 87-seat auditorium, offices, a library, a cafe, and a museum shop.
Romsdal Folk Museum, exterior view of the Krone building in Molde; photo Quentin Desfarges.
The museum in winter, surrounded by traditional Norwegian wood buildings. Photo © Erik Hattrem.
Two exterior views of the museum. Photos © Erik Hattrem.
Exterior view at dusk. Photo © Erik Hattrem.
Site plan, ground floor plan, west elevation, and longitudinal section. Images: Reiulf Ramstad Arkitekter.
A view of the permanent exhibition gallery. Photo © Søren Harder Nielsen
The cafe, and the library. Photos © Søren Harder Nielsen.
Close-up view of the interior pine wood cladding. Photo © Erik Hattrem.
Interior view od the auditorium; photo © Søren Harder Nielsen.
Cover image; the Romsdal Folk Museum, view from west. Photo © Søren Harder Nielsen.
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