Architects ought to be humble, Kengo Kuma says
By RICCARDO BIANCHINI - December 17, 2017
In a recent video interview from the Time Space Existence series (you can see it here thanks to our media partner PLANE-SITE) acclaimed Japanese architect Kengo Kuma expresses some truly interesting thoughts about architecture and the role of architects in today’s world.
In the interview, made in the architect’s Tokio office, Kuma particularly focus on three points.
In the first, he talks about modesty, a quality arguably quite rare in most architectural offices. In Kuma’s vision, for architects, humbleness originates from working slowly and methodically, moving step by step, without haste, from small, relatively modest projects – into which architectural design merges with simple and budget-conscious construction techniques – towards larger, more ambitious ones.
The second point reflects the approach of Kuma himself to architectural design, a process which begins with an almost physical experience of the place where a new building will be sited.
“Whenever a start a project, I myself walk along the site and try to feel the reality of the place. If I touch the ground with my own feet and I touch the trees with my hand, I can feel the reality of the place, that’s my method. And that’s the starting point of the conversation with a place”, Kuma says.
Another fundamental element of Kuma’s design philosophy is the relationship with nature and the aspiration to make it merge with architecture, a lesson the architect learned when working to projects in Japan’s countryside during the 1990s, and which explains his preference for natural, locally sourced materials.
The third point focuses on the relationship between architecture, space, and time; a theme all the video interviews of the TSE series share and investigate.
For Kuma, the key-point of the relationship between architecture and space is the transition “from architecture as monument to architecture as environment” which for him marks the transition from the 20th to the 21st century, and from industrialization to post-industrialization. Talking about time, for Kuma building and time should merge into one, dynamic totality since “We cannot control time. Time is always flowing, and architecture should be part of that kind of flow”, a concept deeply-rooted in the Buddhist culture the Japanese architect plainly admires.
The video (click to play)
About Kengo Kuma
Born in 1954 in Yokohama, Japan, Kengo Kuma studied architecture at the University of Tokyo and, later, Columbia University. In 1987, he founded the Spatial Design Studio before establishing Kengo Kuma & Associates in 1990. Kuma’s works – sometimes characterized by peculiar envelopes which resemble hand-woven fabric – combine references traditional Japanese design and craftsmanship with a innovative forms which often make a creative use of state-of-the-art digital fabrication techniques.
Kuma’s most significant buildings include the Stone Museum in Nasu, the Noh Stage in the Forest pavilion in the Miyagi prefecture, the Nagasaki Prefectural Museum, the Sunnyhills showroom and the the Asakusa Cultural Center in Tokio, and the River / Filter restaurant in Fukushima.
Projects currently underway include the V&A Museum Dundee, and the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Stadium.
Time, space and existence. These three concepts sketch out the contours of the world around us — a fact especially true within architecture. Taking these words as its starting point, the GAA Foundation is set to curate its fourth collateral exhibition in the context of La Biennale di Venezia Architettura, entitled Time-Space-Existence and opening in May 2018. Featuring over 100 established and emerging architects, and unapologetically international in breadth, the exhibition provides a fascinating complement to a biennial traditionally drawn along national lines.
GAA Foundation: http://www.globalartaffairs.org
European Cultural Centre (ECC): http://www.europeanculturalcentre.eu/index.php
Kengo Kuma & Associates: http://kkaa.co.jp/
Kengo Kuma & Associates, Sunnyhills showroom, Tokio, 2013; photos © Inexhibit, and © Alessio Guarino
Kengo Kuma & Associates, River / Filter restaurant, Fukushima, 1996; photo © Mitsumasa Fujitsuka
Kengo Kuma & Associates, Noh Stage in the Forest pavilion, Teraike-kamimachi, 1996; photo © Mitsumasa Fujitsuka
Kengo Kuma, the Irori installation in Milan (detail), 2015; photo © Inexhibit
Kengo Kuma & Associates, Asakusa Cultural Center, Tokio, 2012; photo © Takeshi Yamagishi
Cover image © PLANE-SITE