The Tate Britain in London is a museum, part of the Tate network, especially dedicated to British art from the 16th century to the present day.
History and building
Situated near the River Thames in the southern part of the City of Westminster, the building that accommodates the Tate Britain today once was the home of the National Gallery of British Art, inaugurated in 1898, and that in 1932 changed its name to Tate Gallery.
In 2000, after the construction of the Tate Modern, Tate’s collection of modern art was moved to the new venue and the original gallery eventually adopted the current name, Tate Britain.
The neoclassical building of the museum was designed by Sidney R.J. Smith, and subsequently enlarged and refurbished many times. The Clore Gallery, a post-modern style expansion designed by James Stirling, was built in 1987.
Collection and permanent exhibition
Tate Britain presents British art from 1500 to the present day.
The collection of old masters’ and early-modern art of the museum comprises works – mostly paintings and sculptures – either by British artists or by foreign artist active in the United Kingdom, including John Bettes, Hans Eworth, Antony Van Dyck, John Constable, John Ruskin, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, John William Waterhouse, William Blake, William Hogarth, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, George Clausen, and John Gibson.
The museum features the world’s largest collection of works by William Turner, displayed on a rotational basis in the Clore Gallery.
Tate Britain also presents remarkable works by international artists, such as Pieter Paul Rubens and Georges Seurat.
The collection of contemporary art features paintings, sculptures, and installations by artists such as David Hockney, Gerald Brockhurst, Naum Gabo, Henry Moore, Anthony Caro, Peter Blake, Lucien Freud, Jacob Epstein, Francis Bacon, Eduardo Paolozzi, and Damien Hirst, among others.
The program of events of Tate Britain includes temporary exhibitions, artist’s talks, guided tours, special events and educational activities for adults, families, and children.
The building of the museum, fully accessible to physically impaired people, also contains a cafe, a restaurant, and a book and gift shop.
Photos: cover © Tate Photography; 1 by George Rex, 2 by Alh1; 3 by Stu Smith; 4 by Steve Cadman
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copyright Inexhibit 2019 - ISSN: 2283-5474