The Rijksmuseum (National Museum) in Amsterdam is the leading State-owned Dutch museum dedicated to the art and history of the Netherlands.
The museum is located in the Museumplein (Museum Square), close to the Van Gogh and the Stedelijk museums.
The museum, founded in 1800, is housed since 1885 in a Gothic-Renaissance revival building, enlarged and renovated over time. A major expansion and renovation project has been carried out from 2001 to 2013 on a design by the Spanish architects Cruz y Ortiz.
The Rijksmuseum, although famous for its art collection, is actually a museum focused on the history of the Netherlands in a broader sense; therefore, artworks and handicrafts of different kinds are not presented in separate galleries as usual but displayed side by side in a chronological sequence aimed to depict the history of Netherlands’ creativity.
The collection of the Rijksmuseum, amounting to one million pieces dating from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, is composed of paintings, sculptures, drawings, applied artworks, clothes, and historical documents.
The collection includes paintings by Rembrandt, Vermeer, Jan Asselijn, and Van Gogh, among many other Dutch artists, but also works by International authors like Goya and Fra Angelico.
Sculptures by Verhulst and Van der Schardt, among others, are exhibited alongside exquisite objects of applied arts.
The museum also features a notable collection of Asian art.
The Rijksmuseum organizes temporary exhibitions, also of modern and contemporary art, lectures, seminars, and guided tours.
At the museum, a library, a shop, and a cafeteria are available to the visitors.
The museum is accessible to people with disabilities; wheelchairs are available on loan, free of charge.
Photos: cover by John Lewis Marshall, courtesy of Rijksmuseum; 1, 2 and 4 courtesy of Cruz y Ortiz Arquitectos; 3 by Dennis Jarvis (CC BY-SA 2.0).
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The first part of Inexhibit’s article on the architecture of the new Rijskmuseum in Amsterdam by Cruz y Ortiz architects: the Atrium and the Asian Pavilion
The second part of the article on the architecture of the new Rijskmuseum by Cruz y Ortiz architects: the New Entrance building and the Philips Wing
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