Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena
The Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena is the most important painting museum in Siena, Tuscany, central Italy.
Located in the city’s historic center, the museum is renowned for its collection of Medieval and Renaissance paintings, and especially for those of the so-called Scuola Senese (Sienese School).
Opened in 1932, the Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena is housed in two adjoining buildings, the 14th-century Palazzo Brigidi and the 15th-century Palazzo Buonsignori, located in the medieval heart of the Tuscan city. Originally built by wealthy local families, both palaces were bought by the Italian Government in the early 20th century with a view to creating a large state-owned art museum specially dedicated to the Sienese painting school.
The Sienese School flourished during a period spanning three centuries, between the 13th century and the 15th century, in which Siena rivaled with Florence both in politics and in the arts. Famous artists of the school include Duccio da Buoninsegna, Simone Martini, the brothers Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Domenico and Taddeo di Bartolo, Il Sodoma (Giovanni Antonio Bazzi), and Domenico Beccafumi.
Above, a view of the permanent exhibition of the Pinacoteca Nazionale in Siena. Photo courtesy of Direzione Regionale Musei della Toscana.
Exterior view of the Pinacoteca Nazionale in Siena with the Palazzo Buonsignori on the left and the Palazzo Brigidi on the right. Photo by Sailko.
The Renaissance-style porticoed courtyard of the museum. Photo Combusken.
Collection and permanent exhibition
The collection of the Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena comprises mostly paintings by Tuscan artists, many of whom from Siena, from the 13th to the 17th century, with a special focus on panel paintings made from the late Middle Ages to the early Renaissance period. As previously mentioned, the collection pays special attention to the Siena art scene; however, it also contains works by famed artists from other Italian and European areas.
In 37 rooms, the permanent exhibition of the museum presents paintings by some of the most important artists of the late Gothic and Renaissance periods in chronological order, with notable works by Duccio da Buoninsegna, Simone Martini, Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Pinturicchio, Giovanni di Paolo, Lorenzo Lotto, and Francesco di Giorgio Martini, among others.
Along with paintings, the Pinacoteca Nazionale permanent exhibition also features sculptures, including a beautiful bas-relief by Jacopo della Quercia, and many objects of decorative and applied arts.
One of the galleries on the second floor of the museum. Photo courtesy of Direzione Regionale Musei della Toscana.
Simone Martini, Madonna and Child, 1308-1310, tempera and gold leaf on panel. Collection of the Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena.
Francesco di Giorgio Martini, Nativity, 1475, tempera and oil on panel.
Pinturicchio (Bernardino di Betto), Holy Family with the infant Saint John the Baptist, 1508-1509, oil on panel.
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copyright Inexhibit 2021 - ISSN: 2283-5474