Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena

via di San Pietro 29, Siena
Toscana, Italy
closed on: 2nd and 4th sundays of the month, January 1, and December 25
Museum Type: Art
Pinacoteca-nazionale-Siena-Sala-del-200-foto Fabrizio-Garrisi-wikipedia-CC-BY-SA-40

The Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena is the most important painting museum in Siena, Tuscany, central Italy. Located in the city’s historic center, the museum is renowned for its collection of Medieval and Renaissance paintings, especially those of the so-called Scuola Senese (Sienese School).

Cover Image: Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena, Hall of the thirteenth century, photo Fabrizio Garrisi, CC BY SA 4.0.

Opened in 1932, the Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena is housed in two adjoining buildings, the 14th-century Palazzo Brigidi and the 15th-century Palazzo Buonsignori, located in the medieval heart of the Tuscan city. Originally built by wealthy local families, both palaces were bought by the Italian Government in the early 20th century with a view to creating a large state-owned art museum specially dedicated to the Sienese painting school.
The Sienese School flourished during a period spanning three centuries, between the 13th century and the 15th century, in which Siena rivaled Florence both in politics and in the arts. Famous artists of the school include Duccio da Buoninsegna, Simone Martini, the brothers Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Domenico and Taddeo di Bartolo, Il Sodoma (Giovanni Antonio Bazzi), and Domenico Beccafumi.


Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena, exterior view, photo Matteo Tani, public domain.


Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena, Scala della Pia, photo Bysshebez, CC-BY-SA-4.0

Collection and permanent exhibition
The collection of the Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena comprises mostly paintings by Tuscan artists, many of whom were from Siena, from the 13th to the 17th century, with a special focus on panel paintings made from the late Middle Ages to the early Renaissance period. As previously mentioned, the collection pays special attention to the Siena art scene; however, it also contains works by famed artists from other Italian and European areas.
In 37 rooms, the permanent exhibition of the museum presents paintings by some of the most important artists of the late Gothic and Renaissance periods in chronological order, with notable works by Duccio da Buoninsegna, Simone Martini, Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Pinturicchio, Giovanni di Paolo, Lorenzo Lotto, and Francesco di Giorgio Martini, among others.
Along with paintings, the Pinacoteca Nazionale permanent exhibition also features sculptures, including a beautiful bas-relief by Jacopo della Quercia, and many objects of decorative and applied arts.

Pinacoteca Nazionale Siena Museum, Pinturicchio painting

Pinturicchio (Bernardino di Betto), Holy Family with the infant Saint John the Baptist, 1508-1509, oil on panel. Image source: Ministero della Cultura, CC BY 3.0.


Pietro Lorenzetti, Pala del Carmine, 1328-29. Image source: Wikipedia, public domain

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copyright Inexhibit 2022 - ISSN: 2283-5474