Museo Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid is one of the most famous modern art museums in the world.
The museum was founded in 1988, housed in the former General Hospital of Madrid, built in the early 19th century on a design by the architects José de Hermosilla and Francisco Sabatini, hence also known as the “Sabatini building”.
In 2005, the museum has been expanded with an addition, designed by the French architect Jean Nouvel, adjacent to the Sabatini building. The museum complex also includes two other venues, the Palacio de Velázquez and the Palacio de Cristal, located in Retiro Park a few minutes walk from the museum headquarters and used for temporary exhibitions and special events.
The permanent collection of the Centro de Arte Reina Sofía is composed of over 20,000 pieces – paintings, sculptures, drawings, prints, photos, installations, and videos- dating from the late 19th century to the present day. The museum also has smaller collections of decorative arts and architecture.
The Reina Sofía art collection includes works by artists such as Pablo Picasso, Robert Delaunay, Georges Braque, Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, Juan Gris, Yves Klein, Brassaï, Jean Dubuffet, Robert Motherwell, Antoni Tàpies, Alexander Calder, Francis Bacon, Richard Serra, Gerhard Richter, Juan Muñoz, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Sol LeWitt and Marcel Broodthaers, just to name a few.
The museum is also famous for its Guernica painting, made by Picasso in 1937.
The museum collections are exhibited on rotation into semi-permanent exhibitions, currently housed in three chronological and thematic galleries.
The Museo Reina Sofía organizes noteworthy temporary exhibitions, screenings, performances, educational programs, postgraduate masters, and special events.
The museum also includes a comprehensive library, two auditoriums, a shop, and a cafe-restaurant.
All venues of the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía are wheelchair-accessible.
Photos: cover Sabatini building; 1 patio of the Nouvel building; 2 Pablo Picasso, Guernica, detail; 3 museum gallery; all images by Joaquín Cortés/Roman Lores, courtesy of Museo Reina Sofía,
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